"Si Deus in terris, vellet habitare Biterris"

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 120 000 BC

Some nomads tribes live on the place (attested by the discovery of primitives tools as the 'biface lancéolé')

 5000/1800 BC

First sedentary inhabitants on the Béziers' hill

 600 BC

Construction of the Ensérune Oppidum.

 600/500 BC

Construction by the Greeks of the first Béziers/Betara city
(more than 40 hectares (480,000 sq. yard) !)

 around 400 BC

Total Blackout : The city seems to be deserted (epidemics ?)

 350 / 281 BC

Volces occupation.

 200 BC

Gallic Longostaletes settlement

 121 / 118 BC

Construction of the Domitian way.

 105 BC

Kimris army and Teutons occupation.

 36 BC

Béziers become the Julia baeterrae Roman colony.


Viticultural crisis and vineyard destroyed.

 Around 250

Saint Aphrodise is beheaded - Construction of the firsts remparts.


Visigoths occupation.

 Years 500

The IVth century ancient Romana necroplolis (St Aphrodise) shelters St Aphrodise's body and his faithful ones.

 Around 650

Firsts (?) parts of St Nazaire church.


The Biterrois support rebellion against the king Wamba.


Saracenic occupation (under Ambessa rules - vineyard destroyed - churches sacked.


Francs occupation (Charles Martel) - Fortifications destroyed.

 Around 800

Construction of the St Jacques church.


Enlargement of St Nazaire - the St Aphrodise church is in abandonment.

 Beginning 900

St Aphrodise church restoration.

 Beginning 1000

Construction of the Sainte Madeleine church.

 Around 1090

Construction of the Saint Félix church.


St Nazaire church becomes a cathedra (roman parts)

 October, 15th 1167

Assassination of Raimond Trencavel the 1st inside the Madeleine church.

 during XIIth century

Construction of the Old Bridge (on the ancient roman bridge's bases)

 July, 22nd 1209

Béziers is burnt by the Simon de Montfort's army
The Madeleine and St Nazaire churches are burnt too.


St Nazaire is rebuilt.


The region passes under French kingdom rules.


Black death epidemic.


The British are attempting an invasion (Prince of Cambria).

 September 8th, 1381

Revolt (the Bernard Pourquier's one) against the notables.


the Old Bridge is repaired.

 April 1436

Black Death epidemic (click to see ordonnance - in French).

 January 1420-august 21

Rebellion against the dauphin Charles.


Old Bridge enlargement.

 February 1506

Great cold wave : the Orb river and the Capestang mere are froze


François 1er creates the seneschalsy.

 August the 13th 1533

François 1er, his wife Eléonore, their children, the king and the queen of Navarre stay for a while in Béziers.


A peddler is burnt to have sold heretic books.


Establishing of the Friday market by the Seneschal Philippe de Levis.


Protestants occupation.

 December 29th 1564

Charles IX (14 years old) and Catherine de Médicis spend a few days in Béziers (the mother queen is accommodated to the hôtel de Sorgues, 7 Mayran street). They can see the traditional spectacle : the galleys fight (with wheels) on the Carmes place.


The Duc de Montmorency is building the Citadelle.


Birth of Pierre-Paul Riquet.

 July 18th 1622

Louis XIII spend three weeks/a month in Béziers.
He lodges in the Evéché.


Black Death epidemic.


Henry 2 de Montmorency's rebellion then writing of the Edit de Béziers with the king, the queen and Richelieu.
Destruction of the Citadelle.


Molière creates and play in Béziers "Le Dépit Amoureux".

 January 3rd 1660

Visit of Louis XIV.

 October the 1st 1680

Pierre-Paul Riquet dies in Toulouse.

 May 24th 1681

Canal du Midi's Inauguration - Fonseranes' festivities.


Building of St Jacques' barracks.


Re-establishment of the friday market by Louis XIV.


Black Death epidemic.

 July 9th 1745

Little earthquake + one more 2 days later.


The city hall's central part is inaugurated.

 January 1790

The first street lamps illuminate the city !

 May 17th 1792

The Caritat (charity) feasts become the Freedom feasts.

 May 19th 1803

The Caritat feasts come back.

 May 30th 1814

Riots against drinkings' taxes.


Discovery of a Fauna torso.


Battlements destruction.


Riots against drinkings' taxes (once again...)


Paul Riquet's statue and Old Graveyard inauguration.

 April 1844

Discovery of 10 roman marble heads (kept in a Toulouse museum...).


Construction of the Theatre

 April 1846

Inauguration of the Pont-Neuf (new bridge)

 December 3rd-6th  1851

Republicans fight against Bonaparte's coup d'etat (bloody repression).


The railroad arrives - Bridge-canal on the Orb river.


End of the Allées P.Riquet and Poets square installations.


Construction of the "Caisse d'Epargne" (a bank avenue Clémenceau).


Construction of the Halles.


Construction of the National Street (Alphonse Mas) and Republic Street.


Construction of the Arenas.

 June 20th 1899

Jean Moulin's birth.

 July 2nd 1905

Assembly against viticultural crisis.

 Mars 24th 1907

1851 casualties' monument.

 May 12th 1907

Meetings and assemblies against viticultural crisis.


Post Office construction (close to the city hall).

 August 1st 1914

The General Mobilization's order is placarded. The local newspaper - 'Le Petit Méridional' - attests of a "real patriotism" in Béziers

 17 octobre 1914

The whole city wait - at the station - for the come back of a country child's - G. de Montal - corpse, hurt at war on september 26th 1914 and died in the Chambéry's hospital. The whole population stays at obsequies

 June 1936

Strikes manifestations.

 December 26th 1940

First resistants under arrest.

 November 11th 1942

German troops arrival.

 June 7th 1944

18 resistants shot on the Champ de Mars.

 July 5th 1944

German bombarding.

 August 5th 1944

Anglo-American bombarding.

 August 22th 1944

Béziers is liberated from German troops.


Construction of the sub-prefecture

 December 3rd 1947

Strikes and incidents all around the City Hall.


ASB becomes champion of the French Rugby cup.


North Africa repatriated's arrival.


Construction of the Devèze.


Swimming pool's inauguration.

 June 1968

Strikes manifestations.


Occitanie bridge.


Mediterranean Stadium.


Installation of the New Port - Construction of the l'IUT (University technical institute).


New hospital in Montimaran.


CIRDOC building - University center of Dugesclin.


Destruction of the old barracks :(


Beginning of Hours complex's works